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History of pakistan

 :: Pakistan

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History of pakistan

Post by Admin on Tue Aug 16 2011, 12:19

2 Million years ago ::
Oldest Homosapiens lived here from 5 - 2 million years ago. Many articles of stone age are found from different Archeological sites and are displayed at different museums of Pakistan.

7000 BC 3500 BC::
Village culture of Mahar Garh was developed. The site of Mahargarh reveals that people were cultivating crops on rain dependent lands. They were making excellent Quality of ceramics from terracotta. Some figurines of women have been found which are beautifully decorated and are displayed at various museums of Pakistan.

3500 BC 3000 BC::
Kot D Gian Culture . After the Mahargarh people moved eastward for better alluvial land and in search of a place less vulnerable of the dangers of river. They built fortified villages with mud & stone houses. They built tools of metal and were more learnt in the making of ceramics.

3300 BC 1700 BC::
The people left the small villages and built a big city with all the civic facilities and planning. Emergence of prosperous Indus civilization . Moen Jo Daro was one of the main cities of this most advanced civilization of the world There are buildings made of baked bricks a rich treasure of ceramics covered drainage, grid system of the streets are few of the things of Indus civilization you can witness.

1700 BC::
Indus civilization was buried in time and Aryans arrive. There is no factual reason how Indus civilization was destroyed but it was certainly missing from the records after 1700BC.

1200 BC::
Earliest hyms of Ragveda were written in the Indus valley (Pakistan) ragveda is the oldest writings.

1000 BC 600 BC::
Post Indus civilization culture decline in art and architecture is seen. There are numerous un excavated sites of this period in Pakistan.

516 BC 486 BC::
The Achiminidians of Persia ruled the Northern part as the eastern most province of Persia ( Gandhara ) King Darius made a map of the world and described the land beyond Indus as Deserta enconita (Unknown Desert) . Taxila the famous archeological site was established as the Capital of Gandhara.

326 BC ::
Alexander the great entered through Khyber pass and Chitral conquered the Kabul valley. The king of Taxila submitted before the Alexander and the whole region was conquered by Alexander. From the south of Indus he continued to Iran via Baluchistan desert (In Pakistan).
324 BC::
Land was governed by Philip one of the men of Alexander who was later assassinated ; Eudaamus was took his place as the ruler.

323 BC::
Alexander dies, the country remains in the hands of Eudamus.

317 BC::
Chandragupta the founder of Maurya empire takes over Punjab.

208 BC 274 BC::
Chandragupta dies Asoka then Governor of Taxila accesses and unites the small kingdoms.

262 BC::
Asoka is impressed with a Buddhist monk and accepts Buddhism as his religion. The Ashes of Buddha are collected and are distributed into 8 different Stupas. Asoka propagates the teachings of Buddha and develops new rules for the religion.

250 BC::
Foundation of Bactria & Parthia Kingdoms in Afghanistan & North of Iran , by the greeks

232 BC::
Death of Asoka the Maurya empire is badly disturbed and eventually breaks into small kingdoms.

189 BC::
Bactrians take over Gandhara followed by Maurian descendents and later Greeks.

90 BC::
Sakas Parthians from central Asia after conquering Iran, Bactria etc take over Taxila.

40 AD::
Visit of St. Thomas at Taxila his cathedral is still alive in Taxila.

60 AD ::
Kushans from central Asia take over Gandhara and propagate Buddhism Gandhara art is patronized and reaches at its peak

300 AD ::
Kushans are slowly replaces by Sassanians from Iran

400 AD
Kidar Kushans unite the country and take hold

455 AD
White Huns invade Gandhara and are converted to Hinduism They Destroy all Buddhist Monasteries
Stupas and did mass killing. Buddhism declines

565 AD
Sassanians & Turks overthrow Huns Buddhism could not recover but emerges in China

602
Huan Tsang travels in the northeran Pakistan & describes the state of buddhisam. Buddhisam falls

600-700
Turks Shahis in North and Hindu Rajas in the south ruling as smaller states.

711 AD
Mohammed Bin Qasim (First Muslim ) Conquers The south eastern par of Sindh Banbhore and later many cities in Sindh & Southern Punjab are conquered

870AD
Hindu Shahi from central Asia arrive .

1001-26
Mahmood of Ghazni came Islam becomes the state religion and a lot of population is converted to Islam.

1034
Local dynasties rule the In Sindh Sumrah rule until 1337

1150 AD
Ghourids replace Ghaznavis

1200 AD
The consolidation of Muslim Sultanate in North India

1221 AD
Ghengis Khan invades and takes over Punjab from Muslims

1337 AD
Sammahs overthrow Sumrahs in Sindh

1398-1409
Temurlane of Uzbekistan arrives via Khyber pass
1400 ++ Decline of the Delhi Sultanate. Separation into small kingdoms. Founding of the Sikh religion

1506 AD
Babur, the first Moghul arrives after conquering central Asia & Afghanistan

1524 AD
Shah Beg Arghun Rules Sindh Local Rinds also help to overthrow Sammahs

1526 AD
Babur ( Moghul) Overthrown the last Sultan of Delhi. India is reunited under the banner of Moghul empire

1530-56 AD
Sher Shah Suri attacks the Moghul empire and puts Emperor Humayoon Son of Babur in Exile in Persia

1545 AD
Death of Sher Shah Suri. Tarkhans take over Sindh Thatta is the capital

1556-1605 AD
Akbar the Great son of Humayoon is the emperor Moghul empire is at boom

1627-1658
Shah Jehan the greatest patron of architecture becomes the emperor.Taj Mahal , Lahore fort's Nolakha Mahal Shahjehan Mosque and many other wonderful buildings wee built

1658-1707
Aurangzeb Alamgir becomes the emperor. Sikhs organize themselves as a warrior tribe

1736 AD
Hyderabad becomes the capital of Sindh and Kalhoras rule it

1739 AD
Nadir Shah of Persia Invades

1747-1773
Ahmed Shah Durrani founds Kingdom of Afghanistan. Some territories of The Subcontinent Including NWFP , Kashmir & Punjab

1760-1830s
Sikhs become the dominant in Punjab . Ruling from Lahore

1789 AD
Talpurs Mirs Rule Sindh From Hyderabad


1799-1839
Ranjit Singh Rules Punjab and conquers Peshawar valley

1843 AD
British annex Sindh Karachi is taken by Lord Napair. First British Afghan War

1845-1846
First British Sikh War

1848-1849
British take Punjab from Sikhs in the second Sikh war. A big part of India is under British

1857
First War of Independence or Mutiny as called by the British

1876
Mohammed Ali Jinnah Founder of Pakistan born in Karachi

1887
Baluchistan is also taken by the British

1889
Gilgit Agency made by the British in Gilgit

1891
Hunza & Nagar valleys also become part of British empire

1906
All India Muslim was founded

1930
Allama Iqbal awakens Muslims with his poetry and suggests creation of a separate Muslim country

1940
Muslim League under the Leadership of Jinnah passes the resolution of Pakistan in Lahore

1947
6th June Referendum is held In India by the British 14th August India is divided into two and British leave.
Quid e Azam Mohammed Ali Jinnah becomes the first governor General of Pakistan.

1948
Demise of Jinnah First War between Pakistan & India over Kashmir & Gilgit agency

1949
UN sponsors cease-fire in Kashmir

1958
First Marshal Law (Military Government ) of Ayub Khan

1965
2nd India Pakistan war UN declares cease-fire

1969
General Yahya Khan becomes the Leader of Pakistan

1971
3rd India Pakistan war results the break of Bangladesh which becomes a separate country.

1970-1977
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto governs the country

1977
Gen. Ziaaul Haq takes over the Country as the Marshal Law administrator

1985
Non Party Elections in Pakistan Mohammed Khan Junejo becomes the Prime Minister

1988
17th August Gen. Zia Ul Haq killed in a Plane crash. Party based Elections held Banazir Bhutto becomes the prime minister

1990
Banazir dismissed from office New Elections held and Nawaz Sharief becomes the prime minister

1992
Nawaz Sharief's resigns and Banazir takes over in the new elections

1995
Banazir was dismissed again and Nawaz Sharief takes the office in the new elections & Continues to rule

1999
Musharaf the then Chief of Army Staff coups the Nawaz Sharief Government and Musharaf becomes the president of Pakistan

2002
General Elections hold by the CEO General Musharraf a faction of Pakistan muslim legue wins and Mr. Jamali becomes the Prime minister of Pakistan

2004
Prime minister Mr. Jamali resigns and Mr. Chaudhry becomes interim prime minister for 3 months and Mr. Shoukat Aziz became the Prime minister of Pakistan.

2004 - 2007
Shoukat Aziz was selected by the parliament as the prime minister

2007
Benazir Bhutoo was assisinated by a gunfire

2008
New Elections were held and Pakistan peoples won the elections.

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